WASHINGTON Tue Aug 5, 2014 12:46pm EDT
Girls look at a poster, distributed by UNICEF, bearing information on and illustrations of best practices that help prevent the spread of Ebola virus disease (EVD), in the city of Voinjama, in Lofa County, Liberia in this April 2014 UNICEF handout photo.Credit: Reuters/Ahmed Jallanzo/UNICEF/Handout via Reuters
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - International development banks on Monday committed $260 million in emergency loans for three West African countries hit by the deadly Ebola virus as nearly 50 African leaders gathered in Washington for a U.S.-hosted summit focusing on the region.
The World Bank said it would provide as much as $200 million in emergency funding to help Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.
"I am very worried that many more lives are at risk unless we can stop this Ebola epidemic in its tracks," World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said in a statement. "The international community needs to act fast to contain and stop this Ebola outbreak," he added.
African Development Bank President Donald Kaberuka told Reuters that his bank would immediately disburse funds to the three countries, whose health systems and resources have been strained by the outbreak. The worst outbreak of Ebola ever has killed nearly 900 people since it began in February.
Bank officials said the funding was close to $60 million.
The funding is in response to a $100 million plan launched by the World Health Organization last week to tackle the epidemic. WHO chief Margaret Chan said on Friday that Ebola was outpacing efforts to contain it and warned of "catastrophic" consequences if the situation deteriorated.
The United States will also provide more help to the affected countries and to international agencies responding to the outbreak, providing equipment and technical expertise, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said on Monday.
Separately, the Pentagon on Monday said that a small U.S. military team - made up of less than five uniformed and civilian personnel - was in Liberia, where they helped set up a diagnostic laboratory related to the disease and provided protective equipment and test kits to laboratory personnel. A similar center was also established in Sierra Leone, Pentagon spokesman Colonel Steve Warren told reporters.
Senior State Department officials met with Guinean President Alpha Conde and representatives from Liberia and Sierra Leone to discuss U.S. support.
"The group identified national and regional priorities and held intensive discussions on the types of assistance needed to mount an effective response," the State Department said.
Liberia and Sierra Leone's presidents canceled their plans to attend the summit to deal with the outbreak at home, although they have sent delegations to the meetings.
The nearly 50 African leaders are attending the economic, security and diplomatic summit through Wednesday.
U.S. President Barack Obama said on Friday that the United States was "taking the appropriate precautions" and that some participants at the summit would be screened for exposure to the virus.
A second American aid worker who contracted the hemorrhagic virus while helping fight the disease in West Africa was expected to arrive in Atlanta on Tuesday, according to Christian mission group SIM USA.
Sierra Leone and Liberia deployed hundreds of troops on Monday under an emergency plan to fight the spread of the virus. [ID:nL6N0QA4M0]
(Additional reporting by Anna Yukhananov and Missy Ryan in Washington; Editing by David Storey, Jonathan Oatis and Lisa Shumaker)
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